Winiped, Part 1


Neruda and the Andalusian poets


Neruda had a very close relationship with the Andalusian poets, especially with Federico Garcia Lorca, Rafael Alberti, Manuel Altolaguirre, Alexandre, Pedro Garfias, Luis Cernuda among others, is the "Generation of '27". 


Pablo Neruda In 1933, Neruda was appointed consul of Chile in Buenos Aires, where he arrived in August. There he met Federico Garcia Lorca that in those days the capital came to Argentina to lead and release his theatrical tragedy "Blood Wedding". They became close friends and together they were feted by the Argentine poets. 


Neruda recalls in his memoirs a curious episode in which both recited in front of a hundred Argentine poets, a poem dedicated to tandem as Rubén Darío, involving both poets pronouncing each alternately the verses of the poem. 


According to what you said García Lorca, bullfighting in tandem is called in when two bullfighters bullfighting art torean the same animal simultaneously with the cape. Which is very risky, the exact coordination required between the bullfighters. 


Once Neruda and García Lorca with other poets were invited to dinner at the mansion of a millionaire Argentine newspaper magnate. After the sumptuous meal, the two poets accompanied by a tall blond poet came to tour the park surrounding the house, and got into a white tower rising into the stars near the pool. 


At the top of the tower intoxicated by the glow of the starry sky, Neruda embraced and passionately kissed the beautiful poet, then falling to the floor where both gave way to his burning passion. Meanwhile, Garcia Lorca surprised by the ardor of the meeting had been sent by Neruda scale block so nobody could interrupt, which conducted the Andalusian poet cheerfully. 


The friendship with Lorca Neruda is in Buenos Aires was very close. Made frequent meetings with Argentine poets. The meetings highlighted García Lorca with joy, laughter, songs and dances. García Lorca enjoyed playing the piano with his friends. 

A few months later, in early 1934, Neruda was sent to Barcelona and then Madrid as consul of Chile. 

In Madrid, Neruda knows all the countless friends of Garcia Lorca and Rafael Alberti, being a few days one more of them. Neruda was differences between Spanish and Latin American poets. Was more fraternal and joyful to the Spanish. A Latin Americans found them more universal, tucked into other cultures and languages. 

In Madrid, Neruda lived in the "House of Flowers" in the district of Arguelles, a symbol of the architectural avant-garde of the 30s. It was the center of the gatherings that organized the Chilean poet with his friends in Spain. 

The "House of Flowers" occupies an entire city block, its balconies hanging geraniums, hence its name. It is a seven-story building. 


Neruda lived on the fifth floor of that building. He liked to get his friends on the balcony of the apartment where he had placed a table and chairs where many shared wine, cheese, ham and pleasant evenings with friends Andalusian García Lorca, Alberti, Manuel Altolaguirre, Antonio Aparicio, Jose Caballero and numerous others. 

Another meeting center Andalusian Neruda and his friends in Madrid, it is home made by the Chilean diplomat Carlos Morla Lynch and his wife Baby Vicuña, great friends for many years García Lorca and Alberti. The guys were Morla the Chilean painter Roberto Matta. Notably, even García Lorca spent several of his poems to family members Morla Vicuña. 


Also at that time Neruda, Garcia Lorca and Alberti among others, were frequent visitors to the apartment that the legendary painter and businessman Fernando Gerassi was next to the bullring in Madrid. 


Neruda meets daily with poets García Lorca, Rafael Alberti, Manolo Altolaguirre, Bergamin, Alexaindre Vicente, Miguel Hernandez, Luis Cernuda, and many others. The famous Andalusian painter Jose Caballero was among a group of friends Neruda. In his Memoirs, Neruda refers to the latter as "painter of dazzling talent and grace." They were noisy groups going out to eat, drink and sing, and then meet in the "House of Flowers". Neruda receives at home to Antonio Aparicio arriving directly from Andalusia. 


Manuel Altolaguirre, poet born in Malaga, who enjoyed a printer who had arrived one day at Neruda's house and gives the address of a beautiful poetry magazine that wanted to edit. Neruda had founded in 1925 the journal "Knight of Wands" in Chile. His experience in the field and happily accepts the offer. Thus was born "The Green Knight," which are published five issues of great beauty. 


The sixth issue of "Green Horse" left unprinted, was to appear on July 19, 1936. That day begins the fratricidal war in Spain. 


A Neruda seduced the great metaphorical power of García Lorca and everything that interested him the great Andalusian poet wrote. Sometimes, he would ask me to read Neruda poems and half his last reading, García Lorca interrupted him shouting "Do not go, do not go, influences me." 


Neruda and García Lorca spend much time together in Madrid reunited with their friends, either in the House of Flowers of Neruda, in the house of Carlos Morla, diplomat and Chilean writer or Gerassi Fernando's apartment, next to the square of bulls. The cheering meetings with overactive imagination were García Lorca and Chilean composer Acario Cotapos. García Lorca played piano and sang. 

Neruda also frequently attended performances of Teatro La Barraca, led by Garcia Lorca. Attend Fuenteovejuna staging. 


García Lorca decides to travel to Granada in the Civil War. His friends in Madrid indicate that would be safer. Finally, in an emergency could take refuge in the Chilean embassy in Madrid. 


García Lorca ignores the advice of his Chilean friends. He decides to travel to Granada. A few days later, is captured by the nationalist and executed August 19, 1936. 


Death of Garcia Lorca in Granada, strongly impacts Neruda. Which says in his memoirs: 

"Federico Garcia Lorca was not shot, was killed. Naturally no one would think that they would kill him sometime. Of all the poets of Spain was the most loved, the most loved and the most childlike for their wonderful joy. Who could believe that he had on earth, and upon their land, monsters capable of a crime so inexplicable? " 

The civil war began to tilt in favor of Franco. In the old monastery of Monserrat, near Gerona, near the eastern battlefront, operated a printing press dating from early 1499. The circumstantial publisher of print, used by the Republican Army of the East, was the poet Manuel Altolaguirre. 


There was printed, in rare form, the book "Spain in the Heart" of Neruda. It was printed by the soldiers, on paper that was manufactured in an abandoned mill to make paper, in the village of Orpi, from a range of exotic materials, genres, broken flags, etc., Because in the face of War was no longer possible to find the right paper for printing books. Printers and paper manufacturers were named Republican Army militiamen East. 

Although the materials used and the lack of experience of the printers, the book was very good. 

A copy of this rare edition is on display in Washington, at the Library of Congress as one of those rare books that has been published in the recent time. 


Shortly after finishing the book, precipitated the defeat of the Republic. Hundreds of thousands of fugitives, men women and children filled the crossings fleeing Spain. The columns were constantly bombarded by Franco aviation. In France treated cruelly defeated asilándolos in concentration camps. 

Given the strong commitment of the defeated Republic Neruda, the Chilean government removes it from the consular office. Neruda is lost and decides to travel to Paris with his wife. 


Neruda and his wife, Delia del Carril, rent an apartment on the Quai de l'Horloge where they live with Rafael Alberti, the great Andalusian poet of Puerto de Santa María, María Teresa León accompanied by his wife. 

With Picasso and Neruda, Alberti and his wife, Maria Teresa Leon, can serve as announcers on Radio Mondiale Paris in a program that was broadcast in Spanish for Latin. 


Alberti was stupefied by the "strange behavior" of Neruda. Like that crazy interest to seek wines from Chile, France, the birthplace of fine wines. Neruda wines missed his distant southern country. He walked for blocks through the streets of Paris, looking for Chilean wines. 


He also collected unusual things like the time walking with Alberti, through the streets of Paris, fell in love with a big iron key decorating a shoe. For several days he insisted the owner of the shoe store to buy the big key, until the got and had to bring a mason to detach it from the wall. Neruda collected the most amazing things. 


After a year of exile in Paris, Alberti and his wife are shipped to Argentina. Project then settle in Chile with his great friend Neruda. However, Neruda was appointed consul of Chile in Mexico and desist Alberti traveling to Chile, Argentina 24 years remaining. 


In 1946, Alberti travels to Chile to meet Neruda. What accompanies Isla Negra, beautiful and peaceful spa, on the Chilean coast near Santiago de Chile. Neruda and his wife Delia del Carril began to build the house in Isla Negra. The building "line by line", as I said, with what he earned with his books of poetry. 


Neruda travels to southern Chile with Alberti. Near the southern city of Osorno, Chile travel the huge forests that Neruda has recorded in his spirit and his poetry. 


They walk among pristine waterfalls, trees and large shrubs. Alberti marveled at the beauty and variety of the Chilean landscape in that area. 


In Southern Chile there larch forests, giant trees that can reach over a thousand years old and between volcanoes and beautiful lakes. 


There are also beautiful Araucaria forests, which spent more than a Neruda poem. 

Years later, in Rome, Alberti Neruda remembered that trip and the beauty and energy emanating from the ancient forests of southern Chile. 


On Alberti, his great friend, Neruda wrote: 


"For those who have the good fortune to speak and understand the language 

Castile. Rafael Alberti means the splendor of poetry 

in the Spanish language. Not only is a born poet but a 

wise in the way. His poetry is like a rose 

Red miraculously bloomed in winter 

a flake of snow Góngora, a root of Jorge Manrique, 

a petal of Garcilaso, an aroma of Gustavo mourning 

Adolfo Becquer. That is, in its crystal glass 

confuse the essential songs of Spain " 


Neruda was a close friend of Alberti, even in Spain gave the bitch Niebla, who accompanied the Andalusian poet during the civil war "as the best soldier, hungry and the same hardships of the soldiers" as recognized by Alberti. 


In 1965, Alberti was living in Rome and travels to Moscow to receive the Lenin Peace Prize. On that occasion, among others, is his friend Pablo Neruda, who recites his poem "Canto General" in tribute to Alberti. 

Another great Andalusian Sevillian poet and close friend of Neruda was Vicente Alexandre, who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1977. 


No one better than the same Neruda to describe her relationship with Alexandre, as a diplomat from Chile in Madrid. Says the Chilean poet Vicente Alexandre: 

"In a neighborhood full of flowers all, between the nascent and Cuatro Caminos University City street Wellingtonia, Vicente Alexandre lives." 


"It's big, blond and pink. He's sick for years. Never leaves home. Lives almost motionless. " 

"His deep and wonderful poetry is the revelation of a world dominated by mysterious forces. It is the most secret poet of Spain, the splendor of his verse submerged perhaps what about our Rosamel Valley. " 


"Every week I wait, on any given day, for him, in his solitude, is a party. We do not talk but poetry. Alexandre can not go to the movies. He knows nothing about politics. " 


"Of all my friends separated by infinitely pure quality of their friendship. In your home insulated enclosure poetry and transparency acquire a sacred life. " 


"I took the life of Madrid, the old poets that I discover in the endless libraries Atocha, my travels in markets where huge stalks celery extract strokes Manchego cheese or oil smeared Levantine. Is passionate about my long walks, you can not accompany him on Cava Baja Street, a street close ropers coopers and fresh, all golden for wood and string. " 


"Or read length to Pedro de Espinosa, Soto de Rojas, Villamediana. We were looking at them the magical elements and materials that make Spanish poetry, at a time courtesan, a persistent current and vital clarity and mystery. " 

A great Andalusian poet, Neruda was a friend of Luis Cernuda, Seville. 


In 1936, on the occasion of the publication of his book "The Reality and Desire", was organized a tribute to Luis Cernuda in a street restaurant Madrid keypads. A vintage photograph, friendship takes a scene: the white tablecloth, wine bottles, glass cups and poet Luis Cernuda surrounded by Vicente Aleixandre, Federico Garcia Lorca, Pedro Salinas, Rafael Alberti, Pablo Neruda, Miguel Hernandez, Jose Bergamin, Manuel Altolaguirre, Maria Teresa Leon and Concha Méndez. 


When Garfias had to go into exile to Mexico parted talking, drinking and crying because they had become good friends. Knowing this history Garfias Neruda asked why he thought he had. Garfias replied, "I never understood a word, Paul, but when I listened, I always had the feeling, the certainty of understanding. And when I spoke, I was sure he understood me. "


On that occasion García Lorca in this form relates to the work of Cernuda and his friends: 

"Among all the voices of the current poetry Aleixandre flame and death, immense wing Alberti, sweet lily in Moreno Villa, Pablo Neruda Andean stream, domestic voice endearing in Salinas, dark water cave in Guillen, tenderness and tears in Altolaguirre, to name different poets, Luis Cernuda's voice sounds straight original, without fences or ditches to defend his disturbing sincerity and beauty. " 


Andaluz and poet, a friend of Neruda, was Pedro Garfias. Actually, Garfias born in Salamanca, but was formed in Andalusia and Andalusia adored. The "young Osuna Seville" Rafael Alberti called him. Garfias was formed in Andalusia where he took the world view of the landscape and the "emotional burden" that criticized Guillermo de la Torre. 


In exile the Andalusian poet lived in a house of a lord, in the English town of Eaton Hastings. Garfias, as good Andalusian, was bored in the castle and went solo at night drinking at the nearby tavern. The bartender did not speak Castilian and Garfias not speak English. But they became close friends and drank together. They told each other their favorite stories and while one spoke and gestured the other listened attentively, but without understanding anything, of course.