We gave them the promised, a sample of who our friend Coloane was and tell them of how they started what they knew in the first chronicle called: 

 
A decent gringo, a national award and a Nobel Prize for literature, later murdered, united in love and respect for the people of Chile, won the triumph. (In Spanish)
 

Francisco Coloane and Pablo Neruda

MESSAGE TO COLOANE BY PABLO NERUDA

 

 

To embrace Coloane you have to have long arms like rivers or be a gale that wraps it with a beard and everything or sit down to examine the problem, estimate it in its dimensions, measure it systematically and finally take a bottle of wine with him and Leave the company for another time. I leave these plans, this embrace, these measurements, this bottle for another time and I send you now a few fraternal words that surround it, rejoice it and leave you willing to come to Isla Negra to challenge and compete with the ocean.

 

Facsimile of a manuscript message to Francisco Coloane, National Literature Prize 1964,

Published in the journal alerce, organ of the Society of Writers of Chile (SECh),

No. 6, spring of 1964. Published in the Complete Works Volume V, Pablo Neruda.

Neruda disperses II 1922 - 1973. Edition of Hernan Loyola

 

Francisco Coloane 1910-2002

 

Narrator of the seas and winds of Chile

 

Considered one of the most important Chilean narrators, the work of Francisco Coloane describes the constant struggle of the man to survive in an inhospitable environment. The Southern seas were the favorite scenario of their stories, among which classics like the last cabin boy of the Baquedano.

 

Considered one of the most important national narrators, Francisco Coloane was born in the southern town of Quemchi, Chiloé, on July 19, 1910. He was the son of a captain of whalers and a small agricultural owner, Francisco Coloane studied his first studies in Local schools of Quemchi, before entering the Seminary of Ancud, where he carried out studies equivalent to the second year of secondary education.

 

Even before finishing his studies, he began to work as secretary, while publishing his first stories in magazines and newspapers of the region. Later, in 1929, he was hired as an apprentice foreman in a cattle ranch in Tierra del Fuego, an experience that gave much of his work a theme, and which he joined as a clerk for the Chilean Navy and a member Of the oil expeditions carried out in the province of Magallanes.

 

A member of the Literary Generation of 1938 and possessing a powerful prose, Coloane manifests in his texts the continuous struggle of man and his environment, always located in the inhospitable regions of southern Chile or in the solitudes of the high seas, as seen in two Of his most famous books, Cape Horn (1941) and The Last Cabinet of La Baquedano (1941). These topics are also evident in his volumes of stories, such as Golfo de Penas (1945) and El chilote Otey and other stories (1971), and in his forays into drama, as Tierra del Fuego is extinguished (1945).

 

His work has been the subject of multiple comments and press articles; And he, called by the European critics as "Jack London of South America", due to the thematic neighborhoods he maintains with the American writer, especially in regard to the portrait of the man against a nature still untamed and unexplored, main Source of inspiration of both authors.

 

Francisco Coloane also performed a prolific task as a journalist and editor of various media outlets, writing numerous articles and notes for media such as La Crónica, El Siglo and Zig-Zag magazine, of which he was a political editor. Neither is it less his union activity, which led to the chairmanship of the Society of Writers of Chile (SECH) and a continued participation in both this association and the Association of Journalists, of which he was a member.

 

Winner of the Writers Society Prize in 1957 and the National Literature Prize in 1964, Francisco Coloane is undoubtedly one of the most relevant Chilean writers, both at home and abroad, which has been seen Ratified in the recent success of his works in Europe, as well as in the reissue of some of his texts in Chile, such as El guanaco blanco.

 

​Coloane and Neruda's wife accompany the coffin of the murdered Neruda

 

Coloane accompanied his friend on the day he was buried, that day the people of Chile faced the dictatorship with courage, who not only stormed the house of Neruda destroying all physical facilities, but strangely in times of curfew That museum was looted, robbed as much as possible, without their authors being bothered by any military patrol. At present, another serious crime is being incorporated, as has happened the discovery of the terrible murder of Pablo Neruda, injecting him with a bacterium called "Staphylococcus dorado of high resistance" that caused him a respiratory cardio stop.

 

Francisco Coloane had the privilege of participating in the actions that demonstrated his rejection to the destruction of the national culture and demonstrated with nobleness his unswerving friendship with Neruda.

 

Francisco Coloane left us in Santiago on August 5, 2002, at 92 years of age.

 

Thank you for your contribution to show us what it is to value the site where we come to realize this adventure that is called life and at the same time show us what the word friend means.


Pablo Neruda in Puerto Montt

 

 Pablo Neruda captured in Angelmó in the summer of 1967. His life was very intense.

 
Pablo Neruda receives a letter from the United States. His sender is Milton Rogovin, an American photographer who asks the vate where he could capture the real thing about Chile. Neruda's response was immediate! In the Chiloé archipelago! After a brief epistolary exchange, Rogovin says that he will travel to our country and hopes that the vate will accompany him to the archipelago.
 
During the last months of 1966, Neruda is forced to conclude two works: the poemario "La Barcarola" and the play: "Fulgor y Muerte de Joaquín Murieta". With little enthusiasm the vate said: "The theater is foreign to me and I'm sure I wrote a terrible play." Before the end of the year, two new books of the poet are published: "A House in the Sand", with photographs of Sergio Larraín and "Art of Birds".
 
 In the summer of 1967, the vate performs its traditional walk through the south of Chile. He needs to rest from a busy year. When everything is ready to undertake the trip appears in his house of Isla Negra, the photographer Milton Rogovin. Neruda is impressed by the technical support with which the artist arrives. In your luggage come huge lenses and numerous cameras. Of course, before leaving for Chiloé, the poet recommends Rogovin to buy an umbrella.
 
In mid-February, while Puerto Montt celebrates a new anniversary of its foundation, Pablo Neruda and the group that accompanies him, including Milton Rogovin, arrive in our city staying at the Hotel Vicente Pérez Rosales, as reported by the newspaper El Llanquihue, in its edition of the 17 of February.
 
"We arrived on a foggy day in Puerto Montt, and Neruda traveled happily to collaborate with an American photographer," recalls James Galbraith, who at that time was an English teacher at the University of North Antofagasta and was part of the retinue accompanying the vate .
 
While staying in Puerto Montt, Pablo Neruda and fellow travelers, took advantage of visiting Angelmó Cove, a characteristic corner of our city and one of the favorite places of the vate.
 

El picoroco encarcelado

está en una torre terrible,

saca una garra azul, palpita

desesperado en el tormento

Es tierno adentro de su torre:

blanco como harina de mar

pero nadie alcanza el secreto

de su frío castillo gótico.

 

(Picoroco, Maremoto)

 
They enjoyed the culinary delights that were prepared at the Quinta Hoffmann, located on Tenglo Island, where in those days, an exhibition of oils mounted by Angelmó Plastic Group. Those attending the pictorial exhibition could admire the talent of artists such as Carlos Laroze, Lautaro Alvial, Elizardo Bravo and Hardy Wistuba.
 
 After accompanying some days to Rogovin by the localities of Quemchi and Chonchi, returns to Santiago. Days later the American photographer again visits him at his house in Isla Negra. It brings with it hundreds of photographs taken in Chiloé, many of which will be part of the book "Windows That Open Inward", published in the United States by White Pine Press and also contains selected poems by Neruda.
 

En tu remota tierra ha caído toda esta luz difícil,

este destino de los hombres,

que te hace defender una flor misteriosa,

sola, en la inmensidad de América dormida.

 

(Himno y regreso, Canto General)

 

In the prologue of the book, the vate writes: "Rogovin had to come to Chiloé to reveal the south, the pathetic and poetic poverty of the mother country that we love but do not know. His photographs are the true portrait of the humility that is lost In the inclemency of the islands ".
 
Neruda understood that Rogovin, carrying much more than his equipment, included patient eyes and searchers. A heart sensitive to light, to rain, to shadows. Love to the people.
 
He left us, said Neruda, when Rogovin said goodbye to Chile and returned to Kansas, Oregon, and Mississippi. But this time he had along with him a bouquet of wonderful images; The portrait of truth. Portrait of humble truth that is lost in the inclemency of the islands.
 
Captured, walls of the humble house with its windows opening inward, mythology, whispers, black clothes, eyes, piercing and dark with buried sparks, like forgotten embers in fireplaces where once the fire had burned So intensely.
 
Rogovin photographed the silence. We leave intact in their mystery those insular depths of the islands that reveal themselves to us in simple objects, in crystalline poetry, as if the small town lived under water with legendary bell towers along with anchors of mythological vessels. The great photographer immersed himself in the poetry of simplicity and surfaced with the net full of clear fish and deep flowers.
 
Because the earth is extremely unfaithful, it offers itself to the foreign eye and deceives our eye, our indifference, our ways.
 
Rogovin had come, the poor black photographer, the black liturgy, the humiliated sons of the North, so that the South could discover us, and that he might carry the truth of the South with those dark eyes that looked at us and did not see us, With the poor pathetic and poetic poverty of the country we love and do not know.
 

Photos from Milton Rogovin

Pablo Neruda captured in Angelmó in the summer of 1967. His life was very intense.

Taken by Milton Rogovin, his comrade cobbler, Jose Gumercindo Cárdenas, from Quemchi 1967


 "Los Olvidados" by Milton Rogovin

 

Taken by Milton Rogovin in 1967.

Taken by Milton Rogovin.

Maria Leginia Nahuelquen Nauil,Taken by Milton Rogovin in 1967 

 

when she was 16 years old.Sector Choen, Quemchi, Chiloe.

Taken by Milton Rogovin in 1967.

Taken by Milton Rogovin in 1967.

A chilote arrived at the port to sell its products, coming from some island of the 
Inside of the archipelago, captured by Rogovin in some of the ports of Chiloe, possibly in Ancud

Taken by Milton Rogovin in 1967.

 Braided hands, along with cochayuyo packages, as the inhabitants of Cucao, Chanquin, and Huentemo usually sell when they arrive at the ports of the big island.

Taken by Milton Rogovin in 1967.

Taken by Milton Rogovin in 1967.

Taken by Milton Rogovin in 1967.

Taken by Milton Rogovin in 1967.

Photo Neruda with friends in Osorno 1967.

 

 


 
 

The rafters in Pablo Neruda's studio

THE NAMES

 

I DIDN'T WRITE THEM ON THE ROOFBEAMS BECAUSE THEY WERE FAMOUS, BUT BECAUSE THEY WERE COMPANIONS

ROJAS GIMÉNEZ, THE NOMAD, NOCTURNAL, PIERCED WITH  THE GRIEF OF FAREWELLS, DEAD WITH JOY PIGEON BREEDER, MADMAN  OF THE SHADOWS

JOAQUÍN CIFUENTES, WHOSE VERSES ROLLED LIKE STONES IN  THE RIVER.

FEDERICO, WHO MADE ME LAUGH LIKE NO ON ELSE COULD  AND WHO PUT US ALL IN MOURNING FOR A CENTURY.

PAUL ELUARD, WHOSE FORGET-ME-NOT COLOR EYES ARE AS SKY  BLUE AS ALWAYS AND RETAIN THEIR BLUE STRENGTH UNDER THE EARTH. 

MIGUEL HERNÁNDES, WHISTLING TO ME LIKE A NIGHTINGALE  FROM THE TREES ON PRINCESA STREET UNTIL THEY CAGED MY  NIGHTINGALE.

NAZIM, NOISY BARD, BRAVE GENTLEMAN, FRIEND.

WHY DID THEY LEAVE SO SOON? THEIR NAMES WILL NOT SLIP  DOWN FROM THE RAFTERS. EACH ONE OF THEM WAS A VICTORY. 

TOGETHER THEY WERE THE SUM OF MY LIGHT. NOW, A SMALL  ANTHOLOGY OF MY SORROW.


Years later, "The window in deep Chile" was opened again this time the children of Rogovin

 

Sometimes a picture says it all. The impressive and beautiful work of social documentary photographer Milton Rogovin illustrates the humanity of the workers, the poor and the "forgotten" society.
 
Rogovin's lens has illuminated important social problems for 50 years, highlighting the plight of the miner in ten nations, the decline of the steel industry in Buffalo, New York, and a three-decade family focus on the Lower West Side of city. Many photos celebrate the spirit in the churches of the store of Buffalo.
 
Rogovin's camera takes the viewer to a visual journey in the workplace and in the workers' homes, conveying the beauty of the struggle and the dignity and strength of ordinary workers, as well as the realities of poverty.
 
The Rogovin-Neruda connection
 
Trujillo's request for help.
 
In January, after locating some of the people in the photographs, Mark Rogovin and his sister, Ellen Rogovin Hart, traveled to Chiloé to meet them during an exhibition of their father's photograph at the Museum of Modern Art in Chiloé.
 
"Nothing Left Behind", or "Nothing Left Behind", a new book with 40 photos Chiloé de Rogovin and 40 poems of Trujillo, was released during his visit. The limited edition book was supported by the museum. A search is underway to find an editor for an English or bilingual edition.
 
"Because Trujillo was born and raised in Chiloé, he allowed the poems he wrote to have more depth and understanding in relation to my father's photographs," said Mark Rogovin.
 
Mother and son
 
One of the most striking images was that of a mother named Silvia and her son.
 
"Since 1967 we have asked ourselves who this woman was, what job she did and more about her life," said Mark Rogovin.
 
While the two were leading her, Ellen Rogovin shouted, "That's Silvia!" During an emotional meeting, they learned that Silvia's daughter had died since then, and the mother had no pictures of her. The photo of Rogovin offered the mother a memory she thought she had lost forever. Although Silvia does not speak English, they put her in touch with her and with Milton Rogovin. "More than anything else, they were in tears," said Mark Rogovin.
 
The cobbler and the builder of fences
 
Another bright image is that of a communist cobbler who has died.
 
"We met her daughter who just retired from teaching," said Mark Rogovin.
 
The shoemaker's daughter told the time that Neruda autographed a book of his poems to his familia.la Popular Anthology 1972. During the military dictatorship of Pinochet, the family ripped that page off and burned it, fearing the cruel penalties imposed on those who were associated with the communists.
 
The two also met with the builder of the fence, subject of another well-known photograph. "It was a simple and beautiful meeting," said Mark Rogovin. "He was so honored to be at the celebration meeting."
 
The experience not forgotten is still alive
 
Many travel-related projects are underway, including a slide show about the Rogovin Carlos Trujillo family meeting to better understand the different connections and relationships. A Chilean filmmaker hopes to travel to the United States to present interviews with individuals and families in Rogovin's photos.
 
Today, 20,000 pieces of Rogovin's correspondence including negatives, contact sheets and 13,000 master photographs are housed in the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. Brother and sister are organizing the collection.
 
... And history will continue because it will give life to the value of brotherhood among human beings and the hope of building a better life.
 
 
Coming down to Quemchi, in front of the bridge "Jose Gumercindo Cárdenas".
 
The house of Don Jose Gumercindo Cárdenas, the father of the teacher, Olga Cárdenas Vidal,
Is located in front of the bridge that appears in the photograph.

Don Jose was a personal friend of Milton Rogovin and Pablo Neruda. 

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